Key innovations

Cloud4all/GPII brings two key innovations:

  • Innovation 1: Creating the overall architecture to make “auto-personalization from preferences” (APfP) capability work. Prior to our work the concepts did exist individually and there were examples (mostly theoretical) with some devices, platforms or applications. The overarching comprehensive approach of Cloud4all/GPII did not exist though, nor the pieces to build it. Cloud4all/GPII customises the operating systems (Windows, Linux, Android, etc.) with their diversity of settings (e.g. colour and contrast settings, screen resolution, font size, mouse pointer settings, etc.), assistive technologies (e.g. screen reader, magnifier, on-screen keyboard, etc.), task specific applications (e.g. Read&Write Gold), browser (e.g. Chrome), cloud-based solution (e.g. Web Anywhere), and also web sites, making it closer to user expectations and does not leave apart AT developers. In fact, Cloud4all/GPII helps to reduce the learning curve of any OS or application, which increases its uptake likelihood.
    The scope of Cloud4all/GPII is massive since it has been designed in such a way that any device, any OS , any AT or solution in the world could be included, the number of preferences grows with the solutions added, which implies that the range of user needs covered increases accordingly.
    Cloud4all/GPII is developing the infrastructure that will let users modify automatically the available device/platform or software used, in terms of settings or available AT (e.g. activation of a screen reader), to accommodate the interaction to their needs. During the Project lifetime, some proofs of concept were developed. To accomplish this task, far beyond using APIs, most of the time we needed to hack devices and software finding alternative ways to customize them. This was planned to demonstrate large software companies and main vendors how auto-personalization works in an effort to ease its uptake.
  • Innovation 2: Seamless integration of multiple software layers to provide a unified, satisfying, accessible user experience. Here, Cloud4all/GPII’s multi-layer adaptation uniquely addresses the technical challenges to be overcome in configuring and enacting user preferences across built-in OS access features, third-party native ATs and regular applications. It even extends to being able to adapt the content of the sites via browser extensions, a configuration plug-in at the website and a web service composition tool. Part of the challenge in this, is that some features are available on multiple levels (e.g. screen readers can be built-in features of the OS, in installed AT and as e.g. ChromeVox plugins for the browser). To provide the optimal user experience, the most suitable interaction (and only this) must be enabled and configured. Furthermore, some settings that cover the same need might conflict in the different layers (e.g. magnifier, decreased screen resolution and increased font size), and the matchmakers need to decide which combination of these best suits the user without conflictingly attempting to cover the same need.
    Cloud4all/GPII handles many variables before deciding the best feasible configuration that will match the user’s N&P, OS, ATs and applications installed and even environmental conditions. The settings applied also depend on the privacy configuration, where users decide how much they trust applications and devices. Unlike previous approaches that barely consider possible conflicts with other applications and ATs running, Cloud4all/GPII launches/kills, enables/disables what is needed to fit user preferences.
    This is accompanied by the selection of solutions and, more specifically, the detection and resolution of potential configuration conflicts that can arise within and across configuration layers. Solutions for screen enlargement are, for instance, screen resolution, font size, magnification, browser zoom, or increasing the mouse pointer. The system needs to decide which of these options – in which combination – meets the user requirements. Activating all available options is not an appropriate choice as configuration options can lessen or intensify each other, or even worse, they are incompatible. Another challenging situation in this regard is simultaneous use of devices by multiple users. The intelligence behind Cloud4all/GPII is able to merge needs and preferences, detect user preferences that potentially reduce the accessibility of another user when these preferences are translated to settings and configured accordingly, and find a “good enough” solution in order to accommodate different needs of all involved users. For instance, two users require a screen reader but their preferred speech rates differs – one user prefers 350 words per minute (wpm), the other user prefers 450 wpm – and the system needs to decide how the device is configured. In such a situation, it might be appropriate to decide on the lowest preferred speech rate. In other example, one user might prefer Toggle Keys to be on, and another user has not indicated a preference in this regard. Here, it might be appropriate to turn on the feature Toggle Keys – assumed it is available on the target device – as the setting provides a plus on information and does not potentially reduce the accessibility for one of the involved users.
  • Innovation 3: A comprehensive registry with all available software ATs. Cloud4all/GPII has gathered information from most important European AT databases, giving them credit for the source of information. Cloud4all/GPII has provided ATs with a Universal ID number, added metadata through a usable GUI and offered quick access to all this information through the so called Solutions Registry. Apart from letting developers and vendors make GPII-compatible new solutions, the GUI developed (Semantic Alignment Tool) lets them easily find the best match between their configurable settings and others already existing. An intelligent search engine suggests settings semantically close.  Cloud4all/GPII has also developed a vocabulary for preferences -Preference Terms Dictionary- that complements the vocabulary at ISO 24751-2 and all the mechanisms to translate from singular, application-based settings into the abstract vocabulary of the Preference Terms Dictionary (PTD) and vice versa, even finding mappings n to n, i.e. from one preference to multiple settings, and from one setting to multiple preferences. Besides, the Semantic Alignment Tool (SAT) helps them to find similar products based on features (tags) rather than categories.
  • Innovation 4:  Cloud4all/GPII provides applications with responsiveness to context without any extra development on their side. Responsiveness is limited to interface settings but applications do not need to implement anything on their side to become context responsive. Whenever an application is GPII-compatible, the interaction is modified without any intelligence needed from the application. Applications just need to periodically read and apply the settings suggested by Cloud4all/GPII. On top of that, users can define cued context (‘I’m tired’ or ‘use my tired preferences’) and the system is able to detect and react to noise and light conditions as well.
  • Innovation 5:  The Cloud4all/GPII architecture is unique amongst accessible systems with its high degree of systemic re-configurability and flexibility. It provides a comprehensive means for changing the deployment geometry of the system components, providing integrators and administrators of a Cloud4all/GPII production system with the ability to move workloads between the local device and the cloud without changing the system’s code or inner workings. Owing to the fact that the system’s topology is entirely defined in JSON documents that are declarative and conform to a regular schema, tooling can, in future, augment this process. The system’s extensive use of inversion of control, which minimizes direct component coupling in favour of dependencies mediated by the Flow Manager, provides internally a level of system flexibility that mirrors Cloud4all/GPII’s adaptability at the human level. Component implementations can be swapped out, configured, augmented, or modified without causing these changes to cascade throughout the system or impact component internals. Among other advantages, this architectural feature supports Cloud4all/GPII’s ability to provide multiple matchmaking strategies (see section 7.4) that are optimized for different use cases and that embody radically different approaches to the problem of inferring the appropriate solutions and settings for a user. Not only can these different matchmaking components coexist within the system, but Cloud4all/GPII also supports, at the architectural level, conditional dispatching amongst them as well as the ability to create hybrid matchmaker pipelines.

Regarding scalability and maintenance of this system, any new application made compatible with Cloud4all/GPII in future, any new feature is gracefully integrated without any manual intervention in the core of the system.

Cloud4all/GPII has several instances of intelligent components, in charge of making decisions for a proper customization. These instances are classified according to their performance under different conditions. The most appropriate instance is selected to make decisions about the configuration and the rest are kept in background just in the case the configuration provided to the user is not good enough. Then, if not satisfied, the user can ask for another configuration.

You check the Cloud4all/GPII papers addressing each of the abovementioned innovations in the table below, or download it in excel format here.

Papers
Innovation 1: Auto-personalisation from preferences (APfP)
Innovation 2: Seamless integration of multiple software layers
Innovation 3: A comprehensive registry with all available software Ats
Innovation 4: Responsiveness to context
Innovation 5: Architecture systemic re-configurability and flexibility
Loitsch, Claudia; Hille, Diana & Weber, Gerhard. (2016). “Conflict Management in Multi-user Applications for People with Disabilities.” 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Proceedings. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 6 pages. 10.1145/2851581.2892380 x x x
Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Konstadinidou, Aggeliki; Votis, Konstantinos & Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2016) “Automatic semantic service composition aiming at increasing end-users’ accessibility”. 31st ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. x x
Giakoumis, Dimitris; Votis, Konstantinos; Giannoutakis, Konstantinos; Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2015) “A Semantic Framework to support the Management of Cloud-based Service Provision within a Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure”. International Journal of E x x
Madrid, Nacho; Carmona, Ivan & Montalva, Juan. (2015). “Managing The Participation Of People With Disabilities In Large-Scale R&D Technology Projects: Best Practices From Aegis And Cloud4all”. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All (JACCESS), 5 (2), pp. 77-99. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All. 10.17411/jacces.v5i2.101. x
Giakoumis, Dimitris; Votis, Konstantinos; Giannoutakis, Konstantinos & Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2015). “A Semantic Framework to support the Management of Cloud-based Service Provision within a Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure”. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp. 142-173. Taylor & Francis Online. 10.1080/10864415.2016.1061794. x x
Loitsch, Claudia & Weber, Gerhard. (2015). “Barrierefreiheit durch Auto-Konfiguration heterogener IKT an individuelle Bedürfnisse”. Dresdner Transferbrief 1.15 (Usability und User Experience), Volume 22, pp. S. 15. TU Dresden. x x
Konstadinidou, Aggeliki; Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Votis, Konstantinos & Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2015). “A Unified Semantic Framework for the description of assistive technologies”. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, Volume 217: Assistive Technology, pp. 744 – 748. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-566-1-744. x x
Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Votis, Konstantinos & Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2015). “Service composition towards increasing end-user accessibility”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 217: Assistive Technology, pp. 621-625. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-566-1-621. x x
Gower, Valerio & Andrich, Renzo. (2015). “Bidirectional federation of the EASTIN databases with the Unified Listing”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 217: Assistive Technology, pp. 360-366. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-566-1-360. x
Dimokas, Nikos; Kalogirou, Kostas; Spanidis, Pavlos & Bekiaris, Evangelos. (2015). “Building Adaptive User Interface using Cloud Computing”. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Social Media (CSCESM), Annual, pp. 55 – 60. IEEE. 10.1109/CSCESM.2015.7331828. x
Gutierrez, Jose Antonio & Ortega-Moral, Manuel. (2015). “Mejora de la accesibilidad mediante la personalización web: Implementación de add-ons para navegador y páginas web”. ACTAS V Congreso Internacional de Turismo para Todos + VI Congreso Internacional de Diseño, Redes de Investigación y Tecnología para todos DRT4ALL, 2015, Bi-annual, pp. 477-500. Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. Servicio de publicaciones. 978-84-7993-277-0. x
Chalkia, Eleni; Bekiaris, Evangelos & Dr. Madrim, R. Ignacio. (2015). “Evaluating all-inclusive ICT with developers, end users and stakeholders”. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Series, Volume 9193, pp. 157-165. Springer. 10.1007/978-3-319-20892-3_16. x
Dimokas, Nikos; Kalogirou, Kostas; Spanidis, Pavlos; Symeonidis, Ioannis & Bekiaris, Evangelos. (2015). “Auto-Personalization from User Needs and Preferences in Cloud Computing: A Mobile Application Paradigm”. x x
Chourasia, Amrish; Tobias, Jim; Githens, Steve; Lee, Steve & Vanderheiden, Gregg. (2015). “The Library-GPII-System: Reinventing accesibility in libraries”. Interface, Spring 2015. Interface. x
Gállegom, Ferran. (2015). “Implementing GPII/Cloud4All Support for Mobile Accessibility for Android”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Universal Access to Information and Knowledge, Volume 8514 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 50-57. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_5. x x
Loitsch, Claudia; Schmidt, Michael & Weber, Gerhard. (2015). “Position paper: accessible human-robot interaction (AHRI)”. Proceedings of the 8th ACM International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, Annual, pp. 16:1-16:4. ACM. 978-1-4503-3452-5. x
Zimmermann, Gottfried; Strobbe, Christophe; Stiegler, Andreas & Loitsch, Claudia. (2014). “Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) – Personalisierte Benutzerschnittstellen / Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) – Towards Personal User Interfaces”. i-com, pp. 29–35. Walter de Gruyter GmbH. 10.1515/icom.2014.0027. x
Koutkias, Vassilis; Kaklanis, Nick; Votis, Konstantinos; Tzovaras, Dimitrios & Maglaveras, Nicos. (2014). “An integrated semantic framework supporting universal accessibility to ICT”. Springer International Journal Universal Access  in the Information Society (UAIS), Special Issue on ‘3 rd Generation accessibility: Information and Communication Technologies towards universal access’, pp. 1-14. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 10.1007/s10209-014-0372-1. x
Sainz de Salces, F. and Bustamante Donas, J. “Ethical issues in the participation of people with functional diversity in technological research projects”. Revista Española De Discapacidad (in English, Spanish Journal on Disability). x
Sainz de Salces, F. & Bustamante Donas, J. (2014). “Aspectos éticos en la participación de personas con diversidad funcional en proyectos de investigación tecnológica (Ethical issues in the participation of people with functional diversity in technological research projects)”. Revista Española De Discapacidad, Vol. 2, núm. 1, pp. 165-174. Centro Español de Documentación sobre Discapacidad (CEDD).10.5569/2340-5104. x
Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Votis, Konstantinos; Giannoutakis, Konstantinos M.; Tzovaras, Dimitrios; Gower, Valerio & Andrich, Renzo. (2014). “A Unified Semantic Framework for Detailed Description of Assistive Technologies Based on the EASTIN Taxonomy”. ICCHP (2) 2014, Chapter Computers Helping People with Special Needs. Volume 8548 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 275-282. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-08599-9_42. x x
Vanderheiden, Gregg C.; Treviranus, Jutta; Ortega-Moral, Manuel; Peissner, Matthias & de Lera, Eva. (2014). “Creating a Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII)”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 506-515. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_48. x
Ortega-Moral, Manuel; Peinado, Ignacio & Vanderheiden, Gregg C. (2014). “Cloud4all: Scope, Evolution and Challenges”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 421-430. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_40. x x
Clark, Colin; Basman, Antranig; Bates, Simon & Galschiøt Markus, Kasper. (2014). “Enabling Architecture: How the GPII Supports Inclusive Software Development”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 368-377. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_35. x
Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Votis, Konstantinos; Giannoutakis, Konstantinos & Tzovaras, Dimitrios. (2014). “A Semantic Framework for Assistive Technologies Description to Strengthen UI Adaptation”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 236-245. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07437-5_23. x x
Iglesias-Pérez, Andrés; Loitsch, Claudia; Kaklanis, Nikolaos; Votis, Konstantinos; Stiegler, Andreas; Kalogirou, Konstantinos; Serra-Autonell, Guillem; Tzovaras, Dimitrios & Weber, Gerhard. (2014). “Accessibility through Preferences: Context-Aware Recommender of Settings”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 224-235. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07437-5_22. x x
Loitsch, Claudia; Chalkia, Eleni; Bekiaris, Evangelos & Weber, Gerhard. (2014). “Tailored versus Prioritized Configuration towards Accessibility – A Study on Weighted Preferences”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 246-257. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07437-5_24. x
Ayotte, Dana; Vass, Joanna; Mitchell, Jess & Treviranus, Jutta. (2014). “Personalizing Interfaces Using an Inclusive Design Approach”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 191-202. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07437-5_19. x
Chalkia, Eleni; Montalva Colomer, Juan Bautista; de los Rios Pérez, Silvia & Carmona Rojo, Ivan. (2014). “Evaluating the Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure: Cloud4all Evaluation Framework”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 358-367. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_34. x
Gower, Valerio; Andrich, Renzo & Agnoletto, Andrea. (2014). “Federating Databases of Assistive Technology Products: Latest Advancements of the European Assistive Technology Information Network”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 378-389. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_36. x
Vanderheiden, Gregg C.; Gower, Valerio & Chourasia, Amrish. (2014). “The GPII Unified Listing”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 516-525. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_49. x
Anson, Denis & Ding, Yao. (2014). “Federated Databases and Supported Decision Making”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 337-347. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_32. x
Atkins, Tony & Vanderheiden, Gregg C. (2014). “Common Terms Registry”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 348-357. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_33. x
Cheetham, Anastasia; Ayotte, Dana; Hung, Jonathan; Vass, Joanna; Clark, Colin; Mitchell, Jess & Treviranus, Jutta. (2014). “Accessible Metadata Generation”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 101-110. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_10. x
Antúnez, Javier Hernández; Clark, Colin & Markus, Kasper. (2014). “The GPII on Desktops in PCs OSs: Windows and GNOME”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 390-400. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_37. x
Gállego, Ferran. (2014). “Implementing GPII/Cloud4All Support for Mobile Accessibility for Android”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Universal Access to Information and Knowledge, Volume 8514 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 50-57. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_5. x x
Antúnez, Javier Hernández. (2014). “The GPII on Smart Phones: Android”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Universal Access to Information and Knowledge, Volume 8514 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 58-67. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_6. x x
Peinado, Ignacio & Ortega-Moral, Manuel. (2014). “Making Web Pages and Applications Accessible Automatically Using Browser Extensions and Apps”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 58-69. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_6. x
Sheytanov, Boyan; Strobbe, Christophe & de los Rios, Silvia. (2014). “Smart Houses in Cloud4all: From Simulation to Reality”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Aging and Assistive Environments, Volume 8515 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 567-574. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07446-7_55. x
Kelle, Sebastian; Strobbe, Christophe & Zimmermann, Gottfried. (2014). “A Showcase for Accessible Online Banking”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 37-45. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_4. x
Vanderheiden, Gregg C.; Chourasia, Amrish; Tobias, Jim & Githens, Steve. (2014). “The Library GPII System”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 494-505. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_47. x x
Lee, Steve; Vanderheiden, Gregg C. & Chourasia, Amrish. (2014). “AT and GPII: Maavis”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design for All and Accessibility Practice, Volume 8516 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 412-420. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07509-9_39. x x
Zimmermann, Gottfried; Vanderheiden, Gregg C. & Strobbe, Christophe. (2014). “Towards Deep Adaptivity – A Framework for the Development of Fully Context-Sensitive User Interfaces”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design and Development Methods for Universal Access, Volume 8513 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 299-310. Springer International Publishing. 10.1007/978-3-319-07437-5_29. x
Vanderheiden, G.; Treviranus, J.; Gemou, M.; Bekiaris, E., Markus, K. & Clark, C. (2013). “The evolving Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII)”. Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Design Methods, Tools, and Interaction Techniques for eInclusion, Volume 8009 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 07-116. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 10.1007/978-3-642-39188-0_12. x
Gemou, M.; Bekiaris, E. & Vanderheiden, G. (2013). “Auto-configuration through Cloud: Initial Case Studies for Universal and Personalised Access for All”. IST-Africa Conference and Exhibition (IST-Africa), 2013. IEEE. 978-1-905824-38-0. x
Clark, Colin; Basman, Antranig; Markus, Kasper Galschiot & Zenevich, Yura. (2013). “A Cloud-Scale Architecture for Inclusion: Cloud4all and GPII”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1366 – 1371. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1366. x x
Gower, V.; Vanderheiden, G. & Andrich, R. (2013). “Federating Databases of ICT-based Assistive Technology Products”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1345-1351. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1345. x
Iglesias-Pérez, A.; Peinado, I.; Chacón, J. & Ortega-Moral, M. (2013). “Frontiers in Context Modelling to Enhance Personalisation of Assistive Technologies”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 829-834. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-829. x
Loitsch, C.; Stiegler, A.; Strobbe, C.; Tzovaras, D.; Votis, K. & Weber, G. (23013). “Improving Accessibility by Matching User Needs and Preferences”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1357-1365. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1357. x x
Melcher, V.; Krüger, A. & Chalkia, E. (2013). “Managing Preferences in the Cloud – Requirements and UI Design”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1372-1377. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1372. x x
Vanderheiden, G. C.; Treviranus, J.; Markus, K.; Clark, C. & Basman, A. (2013). “The Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure, Cloud4all and Prosperity4all”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 417-422. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-417. x
Votis, K. & Tzovaras, D. (2013). “A Cloud-based Semantic Matching Framework for Ensuring a Universal Access”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1352-1356. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1352. x x
Zimmermann, G.; Jordan, J. B.; Thakur, P. & Gohil, Y. (2013). “Abstract User Interface, Rich Grouping and Dynamic Adaptations – A Blended Approach for the Generation of Adaptive Remote Control User Interfaces”. Assistive Technology Research Series, Volume 33: Assistive Technology: From Research to Practice, pp. 1289-1297. IOS Press. 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-1289. x
Vanderheiden, G. C.; Treviranus, J., & Chourasia, A. (2013). “The global public inclusive infrastructure (GPII)”. Proceedings of ASSETS ’13: 15th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, Annual, Article No. 70. ACM.10.3233/978-1-61499-566-1-360. x
Zimmermann, G.; Henka, A.; Strobbe, C.; Mack, S. & Landmesser, A. (2013). “Towards Context-Driven User Interfaces in Smart Homes – The Cloud4all Project’s Smart Home”. CENTRIC 2013 : The Sixth International Conference on Advances in Human-oriented and Personalized Mechanisms, Technologies, and Services, Annual, pp. 98-103. CENTRIC 2013. 978-1-61208-306-3. x
Iglesias-Pérez, A.; Peinado, I.; Chacón, J.; Ortega-Moral, M. & Delgado García, A. (2013). “Architecture for Adding Context-Aware Capabilities to Preferences-Oriented User Interfaces”. Libro de actas: V International Congress on Design, Research Networks and Technology for all Proceedings 2013, Bi-annual, pp. 170-176. Fundación ONCE para la Cooperación e Inclusión Social de las Personas con Discapacidad. 978-84-88934-24-6. x
Loitsch, Claudia; Weber, Gerhard; Hille, Diana. (2013). “Universal Accessibility Outside of The Box, Workshop Rethinking Universal Accessibility: A broader approach considering the digital gap”. INTERACT 2013: Workshop Rethinking Universal Accessibility: A broader approach considering the digital gap, Annual. Springer, Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. x x
Zimmermann, G.; Jordan, J. B.; Thakur, P. & Gohil, Y. (2013). “GenURC: generation platform for personal and context-driven user interfaces”. W4A ’13: Proceedings of the 10th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility, Article No. 6. ACM. 10.1145/2461121.2461139. x
Zimmermann, Gottfried. (2013). “Vision des Projekts “Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure“”. Mitten im Job: Verständlich informiert, im Job integriert, pp. 145-147. idpraxis GmbH. 978-3-930774-18-0. x